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As a result of archaeological research we know that in the time of the Roman emperor Augustus, in the first century AD., Carmona went through a prolonged period of peace and economic prosperity. This led to the construction of large and important public buildings, among them the Gate of Cordoba, which was not only a defensive gate but also had a certain propaganda value, symbolizing the advance of the Roman empire.
In the Gate of Cordoba we can appreciate the traces left by the different cultures that have established themselves in our town throughout its long history.
During the time of the Catholic Monarchs, the Gate lost its original purely defensive function and, with it, its austere military appearance, as it took on the role of the supervision of products coming into Carmona from outside the town walls, in practice effectively acting as a customs post and, as a result, acquiring elements of civil architecture.
In the 16th century it underwent Renaissance alterations and, at the beginning of the 17th century, beautiful ornamental motifs, such as coats of arms and marble statues, now unfortunately lost, were added, all of which dignified the Gate.
Its Baroque appearance dates to the time of Charles II, with the reforms which took place in 1688.
At the end of the 18th century, the last reforms were carried out by the famous Neoclassical architect from Carmona, José Echamorro, and part of the monument was rebuilt and the complex consolidated
Points of interest
In the central section of the main span, there is an interesting eighteenth-century painting of the Virgin of Grace, patron saint of the town.
According to the latest archaeological research, carried out prior to the last restoration in the 20th century, it was discovered that the two small gates on either side of the main gate were sealed in the second century due to political instability.
These two gates were preserved as part of the interior of the adjacent houses.
In 2000, with the last restoration works undertaken of the monument, one of the pedestrian arches was exposed. Through the purchase by the Town Hall of a few metres of land, access was gained to the upper part of the Gate, and everything was integrated into a single complex.
In 2005 this space was opened as the “Visitor’s Centre of the Gate of Cordoba”, and can be visited with a prior reservation.